Brown, Robert Samuel, Maj

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 Service Details
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Last Rank
Last Primary MOS
0302-Infantry Officer
Last MOSGroup
Primary Unit
1941-1942, 0302, 1st Raider Bn/HQ Co
Service Years
1931 - 1942



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 Personal Details 

Home State
Year of Birth
This Military Service Page was created/owned by CWO3 Manuel (Manny) Vizinho to remember Marine Maj Robert Samuel Brown.

If you knew or served with this Marine and have additional information or photos to support this Page, please leave a message for the Page Administrator(s) HERE.
Casualty Info
Home Town
Last Address

Casualty Date
Sep 14, 1942
Hostile, Died
Gun, Small Arms Fire
Solomon Islands
Not Specified
Location of Interment
Arlington National Cemetery - Arlington, Virginia
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Section 12 Site 1833

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 Military Association Memberships
World War II Fallen
  2016, World War II Fallen

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 Enlisted/Officer Basic Training
  1931, The Basic School (Quantico, VA), A/01
 Unit Assignments
The Basic SchoolMarine Corps Det, NAS Lakehurst, NJNaval Aviation Schools Command (NASC), Pensacola, FLMarine Barracks
Sea School MarBks NNSY Portsmouth VAUSS Ranger (CVA-61)MCRD (Cadre) Parris Island, SC/H&S BnMARDET American Legation, Peking, China
5th Marine Regiment/1st Bn, 5th Marine Regiment (1/5)1st Raider Bn
  1931-1932, The Basic School
  1932-1932, Marine Corps Det, NAS Lakehurst, NJ
  1932-1932, Naval Aviation Schools Command (NASC), Pensacola, FL
  1932-1933, Marine Barracks Norfolk Naval Base (NOB), VA
  1933-1934, Sea School MarBks NNSY Portsmouth VA
  1934-1935, USS Ranger (CVA-61)
  1935-1937, H&S Bn/Brig MCRD Parris Island
  1937-1938, Marine Barracks Guam
  1938-1939, MARDET American Legation, Peking, China
  1940-1941, 5th Marine Regiment/1st Bn, 5th Marine Regiment (1/5)
  1941-1942, 0302, 1st Raider Bn/HQ Co
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1942-1942 Guadalcanal Campaign (1942-43)/Battle of Tulagi (including First Savo)
 Colleges Attended
University of MississippiUnited States Naval Academy
  1925-1927, University of Mississippi
  1927-1931, United States Naval Academy
 Additional Information
Last Known Activity Sweeda crawled onward, slowly and painfully making his way toward a small truck on the road behind Hill #2, he saw Major Robert Brown heading in the same direction. Brown was holding the wrist of one bleeding hand from which a finger dangled, held only by a flap of skin.
Sweeda was lifted into the truck bed along with several other wounded, and three stretcher cases were placed athwart the truck bed. As the truck moved out, however, it was raked by a sudden burst of machine gun fire from the edge of the jungle. The driver was hit, and the truck rolled to a stop as the Japanese gun crew continued to spray the vehicle with its helpless casualties. Sweeda remembers "yelling with the other wounded for someone to move the truck. I didn?t remember how or when the truck did move, but I do remember someone at the field hospital rolling me over and jabbing a needle in my rear end ?when I awoke I lay on a cot in the hot sun. There were wounded all around." Sometime later he learned that Major Brown and two others were killed in the ambush.
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Robert S. Brown (0-4661), Major, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service as Operations Officer of the FIRST Marine Raider Battalion, during the enemy Japanese attack on Henderson Field, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on the night of 13 and 14 September 1942. Adeptly reorganizing troops which had withdrawn from the main line of resistance to the rear of the reserve line, Major Brown committed them to action under direction of the Battalion Commander. Afterward, reporting for duty at a point along the line where a hostile breakthrough was imminent, he, with proficient skill and complete disregard for his own personal safety, assisted in the defense of the position until he was wounded by the explosion of a Japanese hand grenade. While he was being evacuated from the Battalion aid station, the ambulance in which he was a passenger was subjected to merciless machine gun fire and he was killed. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
SPOT AWARD, Commander in Chief, Pacific Forces: Serial 19 (January 2, 1943)
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