Simpson, Carter Berkeley, Capt

 Service Photo 
 Service Details
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Last Rank
Last Primary MOS
0302-Infantry Officer
Last MOSGroup
Primary Unit
1942-1944, 0302, Prisoner of War - Vietnam
Service Years
1939 - 1944



 Last Photo 
 Personal Details 

Home State
South Carolina
South Carolina
Year of Birth
This Military Service Page was created/owned by PFC James E. Franklin (Slim) to remember Marine Capt Carter Berkeley Simpson.

If you knew or served with this Marine and have additional information or photos to support this Page, please leave a message for the Page Administrator(s) HERE.
Casualty Info
Home Town
Glenn Springs
Last Address
Spartanburg, SC

Casualty Date
Jan 28, 1945
Hostile, Died while Captured
Intentional Homicide
Not Specified
Location of Interment
Not Specified
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Lost at sea

 Official Badges 

 Unofficial Badges 

 Military Association Memberships
World War II Fallen
  1944, World War II Fallen

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 Ribbon Bar
Rifle SharpshooterPistol Sharpshooter

 Enlisted/Officer Basic Training
  1939, The Basic School (Quantico, VA), WWW
 Unit Assignments
4th Marine Regiment/3rd Bn, 4th Marine Regiment (3/4)Prisoner of War
  1940-1942, 0302, 4th Marine Regiment/3rd Bn, 4th Marine Regiment (3/4)
  1942-1944, 0302, Prisoner of War - Vietnam
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1941-1942 Philippine Islands Campaign (1941-42)/Battle of Bataan
  1941-1945 World War II
 Colleges Attended
United States Naval Academy
  1936-1939, United States Naval Academy1
 Additional Information
Last Known Activity
Then 1st Lt. Carter Simpson served with M Company, 3rd Battalion, 4th Marine Regiment (detached) as a member of a Navy Bluejacket-Marine Battalion in defense of Bataan and Corregidor.

He was a POW of the Japanese from June 1942 - December 1944, when he was taken aboard the hellship, Oryoku Maru, being transferred with POWs to Japan. The ship was attacked by American submarine, and he managed to escape, was recaptured and died of ill treatment.

During his captivity, he kept a diary that managed to survive the War and tell the tales of that combat and imprisonment.

Name: Carter B Simpson
Residence State: South Carolina
Report Date: 6 May 1942
Latest Report Date: 28 Jan 1945
Grade: Second Lieutenant
Grade Notes: Second Lieutenant or Ensign
Service Branch: Marine Arm or Service: United States Marine Corps Arm or Service Code: United States Marine Corps
Area Served: Southwest Pacific Theatre: Philippine Islands
Detaining Country: Japan Camp: 501
STATUS: Executed, Died in Ship's Sinking or Result of Ship Sinking, Shot While Attempting Escape Notes: Brazil Maru - Transported survivors of Enoura Maru to Japan (13 - 29 January 1945). Some POWs died in transit. POW Transport Ship: December Sinkings: See code in previous field (REP). (B)DS=Brazil Maru; (E)DS=Enoura Maru; (O)DS=Oryoka Maru; (X) Died during transportation from Olongapo to San Fernando, PI. Report Source: Individual has been reported through sources considered official.
Navy Cross

Awarded for actions during the World War II

The President of the United States of America takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to First Lieutenant Carter B. Simpson, United States Marine Corps, for distinguished service in action against the enemy while serving with Company M, Third Battalion, FOURTH Marine Regiment (Detached) as member of a Navy Bluejacket-Marine Battalion, in the defense of the Bataan Peninsula, Luzon, Philippine Islands, from 28 December 1941 to 3 April 1942.

Lieutenant Simpson served with an anti-aircraft battery which, due to conditions of terrain, was completely exposed to observation and repeatedly subjected to heavy aerial bombardments. By his courage, coolness and efficiency under great strain, Lieutenant Simpson materially contributed to the efficient functioning of that battery during repeated engagements against great odds.

From 23 to 31 January 1942, while serving with a composite Bluejacket-Marine Battalion which had been hastily formed to expel a strong enemy detachment that had seized commanding ground which dangerously threatened the Naval installations at Miravalis, Philippine Islands, Lieutenant Simpson, by his resourcefulness, energy and outstanding qualities of leadership, rendered conspicuous service in controlling and handling mixed units in this action, which succeeded in isolating the enemy force on Longoskawayan Point where it was destroyed.

His actions at all times were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

General Orders: Approved by the Secretary of the Navy on August 12, 1942
Action Date: December 28, 1941 - April 3, 1942
Service: Marine Corps
Rank: First Lieutenant
Company: Company M
Battalion: 3d Battalion
Regiment: 4th Marines Regiment
Division: Navy Bluejacket-Marine Battalion (Mariveles)
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