Thomas, Wilbur, Capt

Deceased
 
 Service Photo 
 Service Details
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Last Rank
Captain
Last Primary MOS
7598-Basic Fixed-Wing Pilot
Last MOSGroup
Pilots/Naval Flight Officers
Primary Unit
1944-1944, 7598, IMA Detachment (MCAS Miramar)
Service Years
- 1947
Official/Unofficial USMC Certificates
Golden Dragon Certificate
Shellback Certificate
Tailhook Certificate

Captain

 
 

 Last Photo 
 Personal Details 

5 kb

Home State
Kansas
Kansas
Year of Birth
1920
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by SSgt Michael Frederick (Fred) to remember Marine Capt Wilbur Thomas.

If you knew or served with this Marine and have additional information or photos to support this Page, please leave a message for the Page Administrator(s) HERE.
 
Contact Info
Home Town
El Dorado
Last Address
El Dorado

Date of Passing
Jan 28, 1947
 
Location of Interment
Forest Lawn Cemetery - Glendale, California
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

 Official Badges 


 Unofficial Badges 

Shellback




 Additional Information
Last Known Activity
Died in post-war flying mishap in 1947.
   
Other Comments:
Credited with downing 18.5 Japanese aircraft while flying F4U Corsairs with VMF-213.

One of the most successful but least known Marine Corsair aces was First Lieutenant Wilbur J. Thomas, whom Barrett Tillman called "one of the deadliest fighter pilots the Corps ever produced." He scored 18.5 kills while flying with VMF-213. Thomas' combat career is remarkable because he scored most of his kills in a one-month period during the hotly contested landings on Rendova and Vangunu islands in mid-1944.

After staying in the rear area of the New Hebrides, Thomas was finally transferred to the combat zone. He flew his first missions in June and July 1943. His mission on 30 June was a CAP mission over amphibious landings at Wickham Anchorage on the southern tip of New Georgia.

Fifteen Zeros pounced Thomas's fighters. After he had become separated from his group, seven Zeros had attacked the lone F4U, but, undeterred by the odds, Thomas turned into the Japanese, eventually shooting down four of them. He was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross for this mission. Three weeks later, on 17 July, Thomas and his wingman attacked a group of Japanese bombers and their Zero escort, and shot down one of the bombers.

Thomas was on the receiving end of enemy fire on 23 September. After shooting down three Zeros, and splitting a fourth with his wingman, the young ace found he had taken hits in the oil lines. His engine seized and he glided toward the water, eventually bailing out at 3,000 feet. He scrambled into his rubber raft and waited for rescue. He paddled for five hours to keep from drifting to enemy positions. After 10 hours, a Consolidated Catalina flying boat (PBY) set down beside him and brought him home.

By the time VMF-213 left for the States in December, Wilbur Thomas had scored 16.5 kills in five dogfights. He returned for another combat tour, this time on board the carrier Essex (CV 9) headed for the South China Sea and Japanese bases in Southeast Asia. He added two more kills to his previous score when he took out two Zeros near Tokyo during Essex's first strike against the Japanese Home Islands on the afternoon of 16 February 1945.

Again, as did several of the young aces who managed to survive the war, then-Captain Thomas died in a postwar flying mishap in 1947.
   
 Photo Album   (More...



Asiatic-Pacific Theater/Luzon Campaign (1944-45)
Start Year
1944
End Year
1945

Description
On December 15, 1944, landings against minimal resistance were made on the southern beaches of the island of Mindoro, a key location in the planned Lingayen Gulf operations, in support of major landings scheduled on Luzon. On January 9, 1945, on the south shore of Lingayen Gulf on the western coast of Luzon, General Krueger's Sixth Army landed his first units. Almost 175,000 men followed across the twenty-mile (32 km) beachhead within a few days. With heavy air support, Army units pushed inland, taking Clark Field, 40 miles (64 km) northwest of Manila, in the last week of January.

Two more major landings followed, one to cut off the Bataan Peninsula, and another, that included a parachute drop, south of Manila. Pincers closed on the city and, on February 3, 1945, elements of the U.S. 1st Cavalry Division pushed into the northern outskirts of Manila and the 8th Cavalry Regiment (organized as infantry) passed through the northern suburbs and into the city itself.

As the advance on Manila continued from the north and the south, the Bataan Peninsula was rapidly secured. On February 16, paratroopers and amphibious units simultaneously assaulted the islet of Corregidor. It was necessary to take this stronghold because troops there can block the entrance of Manila Bay. The Americans needed to establish a major harbor base at Manila Bay to support the expected invasion of Japan, planned to begin on November 1, 1945. Resistance on Corregidor ended on February 27, and then all resistance by the Japanese Empire ceased on August 15, 1945, obviating the need for an invasion of the Japanese Home Islands.

Despite initial optimism, fighting in Manila was harsh. It took until March 3 to clear the city of all Japanese troops, and the Japanese Marines, who fought on stubbornly and refused to either surrender or to evacuate as the Japanese Army had done. Fort Drum, a fortified island in Manila Bay near Corregidor, held out until 13 April, when a team of Army troops went ashore and pumped 3,000 gallons of diesel fuel into the fort, then set off incendiary charges. No Japanese soldiers in Fort Drum survived the blast and fire.

In all, ten U.S. divisions and five independent regiments battled on Luzon, making it the largest American campaign of the Pacific war, involving more troops than the United States had used in North Africa, Italy, or southern France.
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Year
1945
To Year
1945
 
Last Updated:
May 11, 2017
   
Personal Memories
   
Units Participated in Operation

USS PRESIDENT JACKSON (T-AP-18)

 
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  115 Also There at This Battle:
  • Allcroft, Roger Dewitt, 1stLt, (1943-1945)
  • Amo, Glenn Joseph, 2ndLt, (1944-1945)
  • Anslinger Jr, Dan, Sgt, (1943-1945)
  • Austin, Arthur James, 1stLt, (1944-1945)
  • Avera, William Hugh, Cpl, (1943-1945)
  • Bartlett, Dewey Follett, Capt, (1942-1953)
  • Benz, Arthur Daniel, Sgt, (1943-1945)
  • Bilger, Albert, Sgt, (1942-1945)
  • Boyden, Hayne, BGen, (1920-1950)
  • Cahill, William John, Sgt, (1941-1945)
  • Cantwell, Neil, Cpl, (1943-1945)
  • Carothers, James H, LtCol, (1943-1979)
  • Carter, Robert Edward, 2ndLt, (1942-1945)
  • Cartney, Ira Franklin, 2ndLt, (1943-1945)
  • Coshal, George Adam, 1stLt, (1943-1945)
  • Cram, Jack, LtCol
  • Cramer, Anthony, 2ndLt, (1943-1945)
  • Cunningham, James William, Maj, (1942-1945)
  • Davis, Charles William, 2ndLt, (1944-1945)
  • Dice, Robert Leslie, MTSgt, (1942-1945)
  • Dolbier, Paul Ellis Harp, TSgt, (1938-1945)
  • Dorsett, Robert Morgan, 1stLt, (1943-1945)
  • Fain, Charles Joseph, Sgt, (1942-1946)
  • Gootee, Jason
  • Kochut, Mike, 2ndLt, (1943-1945)
  • Lewis, Gordon Rhys, 1stLt, (1943-1945)
  • Martin, James Martin, GySgt, (1945-1967)
  • Mendenhall, George, PFC, (1943-1945)
  • Mons, James Henry, TSgt, (1942-1945)
  • Mortag, Daniel Kernin, 1stLt, (1943-1945)
  • Mullins, Robert Wallace, 1stLt, (1943-1945)
  • Nowak, Stephen, Cpl, (1943-1945)
  • Owen, Glenn Hayward, Cpl, (1943-1945)
  • Perry, Virginius Broddie, 1stLt, (1943-1945)
  • Peterson, Myron Christian, 1stLt, (1943-1945)
  • Post, Clarence Hayward, TSgt, (1942-1945)
  • Rogers, Paul Junior, TSgt, (1942-1945)
  • Scoville, William, Capt, (1942-1946)
  • Seitz, Frederick Jerome, Sgt, (1943-1945)
  • Sieben, Charles William, 1stLt, (1942-1945)
  • Simmons, Paul, MTSgt, (1942-1946)
  • Stagg, William, PltSgt, (1941-1945)
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