Hittle, James Donald, BGen

Deceased
 
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Last Rank
Brigadier General
Last Primary MOS
9910-Billet Designator-Unrestricted Officer
Last MOSGroup
Specific Billet MOS
Primary Unit
1958-1960, Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD)
Service Years
1937 - 1960

Brigadier General

 
 

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Home State
Michigan
Michigan
Year of Birth
1915
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Cpl David R. Evans (D.R.) to remember Marine BGen James Donald Hittle.

If you knew or served with this Marine and have additional information or photos to support this Page, please leave a message for the Page Administrator(s) HERE.
 
Contact Info
Home Town
Not Specified
Last Address
Bear Lake

Date of Passing
Jun 15, 2002
 
Location of Interment
Not Specified
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

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Brigadier General James Donald Hittle, who served as Deputy Assistant to the Secretary of Defense, in the Office of Legislative Affairs, in the early 1960s, died on June 15, 2002 in Arlington, Virginia.

General Hittle was born June 10, 1915, at Bear Lake, Michigan, and graduated from high school in East Lansing, Michigan, in 1933. In 1937 he graduated from Michigan State University with a Bachelor of Arts degree; and in 1952, while stationed with the Naval ROTC Unit at the University of Utah, he earned his Master?s degree in Oriental History and Geography. He was commissioned a Marine Second Lieutenant on July 28, 1937.

After completing Basic School at the Philadelphia Navy Yard, Lieutenant Hittle began a year of sea duty with the Marine Detachment on board the USS PORTLAND in June 1938. Following this he served at Quantico, Virginia, and Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, with the 1st Marine Brigade. He was promoted to First Lieutenant in September 1940. In April 1941, he joined the Marine Detachment on board the USS WASHINGTON, and the following February was promoted to Captain.

Captain Hittle commanded the WASHINGTON?s Marine Detachment while the ship was taking part in Arctic operations under the British Home Fleet until July 1942. He was promoted to Major in August 1942, and entered the Division Officers? Course at Fort Benning, Georgia. On completing the course in October 1942, Major Hittle returned to Quantico to serve two years as an instructor at Marine Corps Schools. He was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel in May 1944.

In November 1944, Lieutenant Colonel Hittle was assigned to the 3d Marine Division on Guam as Assistant Chief of Staff, G-4, Logistics. For outstanding service in this capacity on Iwo Jima, from February to September 1945, he was awarded the Legion of Merit with Combat ?V?. Sailing from Guam to Tientsin in December 1945, he commanded the 2d Battalion, 7th Marines, 1st Marine Division, during the occupation of Northern China.

On his return to the United States in July 1946, Lieutenant Colonel Hittle was stationed at Marine Corps Schools, Quantico, as Secretary of the Academic Board. In June 1949, he was transferred to Salt Lake City where he served three years as Executive Officer of the Naval Reserve Officers Training Corps unit at the University of Utah. While there, he was promoted to Colonel in November 1951.

Assigned to Headquarters Marine Corps in June 1952, Colonel Hittle served as Legislative Assistant to the Commandant of the Marine Corps, through January 1960. He served in this capacity under General Lemuel C. Shepherd, Jr., General Randolph McC. Pate, and General David M. Shoup, respectively. He assumed his duties in the Office of the Secretary of Defense in February 1960.

General Hittle was placed on the retired list March 1, 1958, and was immediately recalled to active duty. He was advanced to Brigadier General on the retired list that same date, having been specially commended for performance of duty in actual combat.

The general?s medals and decorations include: the Legion of Merit with Combat ?V?; the Purple Heart; the Presidential Unit Citation, the American Defense Service Medal with Base clasp?; the European-Africian-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal with one bronze star; the American Campaign Medal, the Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with one bronze star, the World War II Victory Medal, the China Service Medal, and the National Defense Service Medal.

The author of numerous articles on the art of war and general staff development, he also wrote the book, ?The Military Staff?Its History and Development?, and edited and prepared a condensed version of Baron Henri Jomini?s text, ?Jomini and His Summary of the Art of War?.
   
Other Comments:
Brigadier General James Donald Hittle, USMC
Born in Bear Lake, Michigan June 10, 1915
Died June 15, 2002

Son of Harry F and Margaret Jane (McArthur) Hittle.
Married Edna Jane Smith December 9, 1939 (Deceased 1969)
Children: Harry McArthur, James Richard
Married: Patricia Ann Herring September 5, 1970

Second Lieutenant 1937
First Lieutenant 1940
Captain 1942
Major 1942
Lieutenant Colonel 1944
Colonel 1951
Brigadier General 1958

Student, The Basic School 1937-38
Served with USS. Portland 1938-.
Served with 1st Marine Brigade -41
Served with USS. Washington 1941-42
Instructor, USMC Schools 1942-44

Assistant Chief of Staff G-4 (Supply), 3rd Marine Division
1945 Commanding Officer, 2nd Battalion, 7th Marine Regiment
1946 Secretary of Academic Board, USMC Schools
1946-49 Executive Officer, Naval ROTC, University of Utah
1949-52 Legislative Assistant to the Commandant of the Marine Corps
1952-58 Assistant to the Secretary of Defense (Legislative Affairs)
1958-60. Retired 1960

Director of National Security & Foreign Affairs, VFW 1960-67
Director, DISC Inc. 1960-67
Syndicated columnist, Copley News Service 1964-69
Military commentator, MBS 1964-69
Founder & Director, D.C. National Bank 1965-69
Special Counsel Senate Armed Services Committee 1968-69
Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Manpower) 1969-71
Senior Vice President (Government Affairs) Pan Am World Airways 1971-73 Consultant to Administrator of VA 1973-77
Consultant to the Commandant of the Marine Corps 1979-81
Consultant to the Secretary of the Navy 1981-82
Counselor to the Secretary of the Navy 1982-87 The Military Staff, Its History and Development
by James Donald Hittle, Lieutenant Colonel, USMC

Written during the Second World War by then-Lieutenant Colonel J.D. Hittle, USMC, this work presents an American-spin on the history and evolution of what is commonly called "the General Staff" in Prussia/Germany, France, Great Britain, the United States, and Russia up to the end of the 1940s.

Hittle is also the author of Jomini and his Summary of the Art of War: A Condensed Version, in which he noted that Civil War generals went into battle with a sword in one hand and Jomini's Summary of the Art of War in the other.

J.D. Hittle joined the U.S. Marine Corps in 1937. In May, 1941 he reported aboard the USS Washington at the Philadelphia Navy Yard. The Washington was assigned to be part of British Home Fleet, based at Scapa Flow in the Orkneys. With the duty platoon from the Washington, he would put down mutiny on SS Ironclad when the Washington sailed as covering force for PO 17 and the SS Ironclad was in convoy.

Later he participated in operations in Guam and was G-4 for the 3rd Marine Division on Iwo Jima. As a Lieutenant Colonel, after the war, Hittle was temporarily assigned to the staff of the House Committee on Expenditures in the Executive Departments while it was drafting the legislation that would create the new Department of Defense and the Joint Chiefs of Staff. In that position, Hittle's influence with committee members is credited with helping guarantee the independence of Marine Corps aviation in the face of Air Force pressure to be the sole air arm among other successes for the Navy and Marine Corps.

After his active Marine Corps service, Hittle was for eight years Director, National Security and Foreign Affairs for the Veterans of Foreign Wars. Having written his first article on The Basic School, published in the June 1938 Marine Corps Gazette, he became a columnist for Navy Times during the 1960s and '70s, served as correspondent for the Mutual Broadcasting System, and was a columnist for Copley Newspapers. He served as director and founder of the D.C. National Bank and as a Senior Vice President of Pan American World Airways.

His decorations and medals include the Purple Heart, Legion of Merit with combat V for Valor, Murmansk Commemoration, North China Medal, Asiatic-Pacific, North American and Atlantic, EAMF, two awards City of Paris (Gold and Silver). J.D. Hittle died on June 15, 2002 and was buried with full military honors in Arlington National Cemetery. His wife, Edna Jane Hittle (1917-1969) is buried with him.

HITTLE, JAMES D
BRIG GEN US MARINE CORPS
VETERAN SERVICE DATES: 04/01/1944 - 03/03/1960
DATE OF BIRTH: 06/10/1915
DATE OF DEATH: 06/15/2002
DATE OF INTERMENT: 07/24/2002
BURIED AT: SECTION 4 SITE 8 - Alrington National Cemetery
   
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World War II
Start Year
1941
End Year
1945

Description
Overview of World War II 

World War II killed more people, involved more nations, and cost more money than any other war in history. Altogether, 70 million people served in the armed forces during the war, and 17 million combatants died. Civilian deaths were ever greater. At least 19 million Soviet civilians, 10 million Chinese, and 6 million European Jews lost their lives during the war.

World War II was truly a global war. Some 70 nations took part in the conflict, and fighting took place on the continents of Africa, Asia, and Europe, as well as on the high seas. Entire societies participated as soldiers or as war workers, while others were persecuted as victims of occupation and mass murder.

World War II cost the United States a million causalities and nearly 400,000 deaths. In both domestic and foreign affairs, its consequences were far-reaching. It ended the Depression, brought millions of married women into the workforce, initiated sweeping changes in the lives of the nation's minority groups, and dramatically expanded government's presence in American life.

The War at Home & Abroad

On September 1, 1939, World War II started when Germany invaded Poland. By November 1942, the Axis powers controlled territory from Norway to North Africa and from France to the Soviet Union. After defeating the Axis in North Africa in May 1941, the United States and its Allies invaded Sicily in July 1943 and forced Italy to surrender in September. On D-Day, June 6, 1944, the Allies landed in Northern France. In December, a German counteroffensive (the Battle of the Bulge) failed. Germany surrendered in May 1945.

The United States entered the war following a surprise attack by Japan on the U.S. Pacific fleet in Hawaii. The United States and its Allies halted Japanese expansion at the Battle of Midway in June 1942 and in other campaigns in the South Pacific. From 1943 to August 1945, the Allies hopped from island to island across the Central Pacific and also battled the Japanese in China, Burma, and India. Japan agreed to surrender on August 14, 1945 after the United States dropped the first atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

Consequences:

1. The war ended Depression unemployment and dramatically expanded government's presence in American life. It led the federal government to create a War Production Board to oversee conversion to a wartime economy and the Office of Price Administration to set prices on many items and to supervise a rationing system.

2. During the war, African Americans, women, and Mexican Americans founded new opportunities in industry. But Japanese Americans living on the Pacific coast were relocated from their homes and placed in internment camps.

The Dawn of the Atomic Age

In 1939, Albert Einstein wrote a letter to President Roosevelt, warning him that the Nazis might be able to build an atomic bomb. On December 2, 1942, Enrico Fermi, an Italian refugee, produced the first self-sustained, controlled nuclear chain reaction in Chicago.

To ensure that the United States developed a bomb before Nazi Germany did, the federal government started the secret $2 billion Manhattan Project. On July 16, 1945, in the New Mexico desert near Alamogordo, the Manhattan Project's scientists exploded the first atomic bomb.

It was during the Potsdam negotiations that President Harry Truman learned that American scientists had tested the first atomic bomb. On August 6, 1945, the Enola Gay, a B-29 Superfortress, released an atomic bomb over Hiroshima, Japan. Between 80,000 and 140,000 people were killed or fatally wounded. Three days later, a second bomb fell on Nagasaki. About 35,000 people were killed. The following day Japan sued for peace.

President Truman's defenders argued that the bombs ended the war quickly, avoiding the necessity of a costly invasion and the probable loss of tens of thousands of American lives and hundreds of thousands of Japanese lives. His critics argued that the war might have ended even without the atomic bombings. They maintained that the Japanese economy would have been strangled by a continued naval blockade, and that Japan could have been forced to surrender by conventional firebombing or by a demonstration of the atomic bomb's power.

The unleashing of nuclear power during World War II generated hope of a cheap and abundant source of energy, but it also produced anxiety among large numbers of people in the United States and around the world.
   
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From Year
1941
To Year
1945
 
Last Updated:
Nov 13, 2017
   
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  • Adams, Ben, Pvt, (1942-1946)
  • Adams, Betty June, Sgt, (1943-1955)
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