Martin, Elmer Leon, Cpl

Fallen
 
 Service Photo 
 Service Details
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Last Rank
Corporal
Last Primary MOS
0311-Rifleman
Last MOSGroup
Infantry
Primary Unit
1943-1943, 0311, B Co, 1st Bn, 2nd Marine Regiment (1/2)
Service Years
1940 - 1943

Corporal

 
 

 Last Photo 
 Personal Details 


Home State
Oklahoma
Oklahoma
Year of Birth
1920
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Sgt Mike Fullarton (Program) to remember Marine Cpl Elmer Leon Martin.

If you knew or served with this Marine and have additional information or photos to support this Page, please leave a message for the Page Administrator(s) HERE.
 
Casualty Info
Home Town
Enid
Last Address
Rt. 1
Webb City, Mo

Casualty Date
Nov 20, 1943
 
Cause
Hostile, Died
Reason
Unknown, Not Reported
Location
Kiribati
Conflict
Not Specified
Location of Interment
Courts of the Missing at the Honolulu Memorial - Honolulu, Hawaii
Wall/Plot Coordinates
MIA

 Official Badges 

Pearl Harbor Memorial Medallion


 Unofficial Badges 


 Military Association Memberships
World War II Fallen
  1943, World War II Fallen

 Photo Album   (More...



Central Pacific Campaign (1941-43)/Attack on Pearl Harbor
From Month/Year
December / 1941
To Month/Year
December / 1941

Description
The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike conducted by the Imperial Japanese Navy against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on the morning of December 7, 1941 (December 8 in Japan). The attack led to the United States' entry into World War II.

The attack was intended as a preventive action in order to keep the U.S. Pacific Fleet from interfering with military actions the Empire of Japan was planning in Southeast Asia against overseas territories of the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and the United States. There were simultaneous Japanese attacks on the U.S.-held Philippines and on the British Empire in Malaya, Singapore, and Hong Kong.

From the standpoint of the defenders, the attack commenced at 7:48 a.m. Hawaiian Time. The base was attacked by 353 Japanese fighters, bombers and torpedo planes in two waves, launched from six aircraft carriers. All eight U.S. Navy battleships were damaged, with four being sunk. All but one were later raised, and six of the eight battleships were returned to service and went on to fight in the war. The Japanese also sank or damaged three cruisers, three destroyers, an anti-aircraft training ship, and one minelayer. 188 U.S. aircraft were destroyed; 2,403 Americans were killed and 1,178 others were wounded. Important base installations such as the power station, shipyard, maintenance, and fuel and torpedo storage facilities, as well as the submarine piers and headquarters building (also home of the intelligence section) were not attacked. Japanese losses were light: 29 aircraft and five midget submarines lost, and 65 servicemen killed or wounded. One Japanese sailor was captured.

The attack came as a profound shock to the American people and led directly to the American entry into World War II in both the Pacific and European theaters. The following day (December 8), the United States declared war on Japan. Domestic support for non-interventionism, which had been strong, disappeared. Clandestine support of Britain (e.g., the Neutrality Patrol) was replaced by active alliance. Subsequent operations by the U.S. prompted Germany and Italy to declare war on the U.S. on December 11, which was reciprocated by the U.S. the same day.

Years later several writers alleged that parties high in the U.S. and British governments knew of the attack in advance and may have let it happen (or even encouraged it) with the aim of bringing America into war. However, this Pearl Harbor advance-knowledge conspiracy theory is rejected by mainstream historians.

There were numerous historical precedents for unannounced military action by Japan. However, the lack of any formal warning, particularly while negotiations were still apparently ongoing, led President Franklin D. Roosevelt to proclaim December 7, 1941, "a date which will live in infamy".

Due to the fact the attack happened without a declaration of war and without explicit warning, the attack on Pearl Harbor was judged by the Tokyo Trials to be a Japanese war crime.
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Month/Year
December / 1941
To Month/Year
December / 1941
 
Last Updated:
Mar 16, 2020
   
Personal Memories
   
Units Participated in Operation

MARDET USS West Virginia (BB-48)

 
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  191 Also There at This Battle:
  • Bagley, Wilbur Longeway, Sgt, (1940-1943)
  • Barrows, Arthur Burton, Maj, (1936-1942)
  • Belt, Everett Ray, PFC, (1940-1941)
  • Chiasson, Antoine J, PFC, (1939-1946)
  • Darling, Willard, Cpl, (1941-1945)
  • Davis, Owen L.
  • Doy, Leslie Ludwig, Sgt, (1941-1945)
  • Hartman, Darrel Fred, Sgt, (1940-1944)
  • Horton, Burt Howard, Sgt, (1941-1944)
  • Jones, Jesse Rayford, PFC, (1941-1943)
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