Gillespie, Samuel Thomas, Capt

MIA/POW
 
 Service Photo 
 Service Details
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Last Rank
Captain
Last Primary MOS
7598-Basic Fixed-Wing Pilot
Last MOSGroup
Pilots/Naval Flight Officers
Primary Unit
1942-Present, 7598, Missing In Action
Service Years
1942 - 1942
Official/Unofficial USMC Certificates
Golden Dragon Certificate
Shellback Certificate

Captain

 
 

 Current Photo 
 Personal Details 

879 kb

State of Birth
Texas
Texas
Year of Birth
1920
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Pamela Jeans (Pam)-Historian to remember Marine Capt Samuel Thomas Gillespie.

If you knew or served with this Marine and have additional information or photos to support this Page, please leave a message for the Page Administrator(s) HERE.
 
Contact Info

 Official Badges 


 Unofficial Badges 

Order of the Golden Dragon Shellback


 Military Association Memberships
World War II Fallen
  1942, World War II Fallen


 Additional Information
Last Known Activity
Marine Scout Bombing Squadron (VMSB-141) was commissioned on March 1, 1942 at Camp Kearny in San Diego, California. On August 30, 1942 they departed San Diego for the South Pacific and arrived at Henderson Airfield, Guadalcanal on September 23, 1942 and became part of the Cactus Air Force (CAF). On the night of October 13??14, the squadron lost 26 of its 29 aircraft and five officers, including the commanding officer and executive officer, to shelling from Japanese battleships off the coast of Guadalcanal. The squadron fought on the island until November 19, 1942 when they were transferred to the Efate in the New Hebrides. During its time with the CAF the squadron would lose 18 of its 41 officers killed in action.

Capt Samuel Thomas Gillespie, pilotr, who on October 17, 1942 did not return from a patrol. He was listed as missing for one year and a day, then declared dead. Nobody knows what happened.
   
Other Comments:
Body Not Recovered

Distinguished Flying Cross
Captain Samuel T. Gillespie (MCSN: 0-11362), United States Marine Corps, was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross for heroism and extraordinary achievement while participating in aerial flight, in actions against enemy Japanese forces in the Pacific Theater of Operations during World War II.
Action Date: World War II
   
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World War II/Asiatic-Pacific Theater/Guadalcanal Campaign (1942-43)
Start Year
1942
End Year
1943

Description
The Guadalcanal Campaign, also known as the Battle of Guadalcanal and codenamed Operation Watchtower by Allied forces, was a military campaign fought between 7 August 1942 and 9 February 1943 on and around the island of Guadalcanal in the Pacific theatre of World War II. It was the first major offensive by Allied forces against the Empire of Japan.

On 7 August 1942, Allied forces, predominantly American, landed on the islands of Guadalcanal, Tulagi, and Florida in the southern Solomon Islands with the objective of denying their use by the Japanese to threaten the supply and communication routes between the US, Australia, and New Zealand. The Allies also intended to use Guadalcanal and Tulagi as bases to support a campaign to eventually capture or neutralize the major Japanese base at Rabaul on New Britain. The Allies overwhelmed the outnumbered Japanese defenders, who had occupied the islands since May 1942, and captured Tulagi and Florida, as well as an airfield (later named Henderson Field) that was under construction on Guadalcanal. Powerful US naval forces supported the landings.

Surprised by the Allied offensive, the Japanese made several attempts between August and November 1942 to retake Henderson Field. Three major land battles, seven large naval battles (five nighttime surface actions and two carrier battles), and continual, almost daily aerial battles culminated in the decisive Naval Battle of Guadalcanal in early November 1942, in which the last Japanese attempt to bombard Henderson Field from the sea and land with enough troops to retake it was defeated. In December 1942, the Japanese abandoned further efforts to retake Guadalcanal and evacuated their remaining forces by 7 February 1943 in the face of an offensive by the US Army's XIV Corps, conceding the island to the Allies.

The Guadalcanal campaign was a significant strategic combined arms victory by Allied forces over the Japanese in the Pacific theatre. The Japanese had reached the high-water mark of their conquests in the Pacific, and Guadalcanal marked the transition by the Allies from defensive operations to the strategic offensive in that theatre and the beginning of offensive operations, including the Solomon Islands, New Guinea, and Central Pacific campaigns, that resulted in Japan's eventual surrender and the end of World War II.
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Year
1942
To Year
1942
 
Last Updated:
Aug 7, 2016
   
Personal Memories
   
Units Participated in Operation

7th Marine Regiment

3rd Bn, 8th Marine Regiment (3/8)

1st Marine Regiment

2nd Bn, 1st Marine Regiment (2/1), 1st Marine Regiment

1st Bn, 1st Marine Regiment (1/1), 1st Marine Regiment

2nd Bn, 6th Marine Regiment (2/6)

VMGR-234

3rd Bn, 6th Marine Regiment (3/6)

5th Marine Regiment

10th Marine Regiment

1st Combat Engineer Bn

VMA-121

3rd Bn, 7th Marine Regiment (3/7)

2nd Bn, 7th Marine Regiment (2/7)

MAG-23

3rd Bn, 2nd Marine Regiment (3/2), 2nd Marine Regiment

1st Bn, 11th Marine Regiment (1/11)

MAG-14

1st Bn, 2nd Marine Regiment (1/2), 2nd Marine Regiment

2nd Aviation Engineer Bn

USS PRESIDENT JACKSON (T-AP-18)

VMGR-152

2nd Marine Division

 
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  2620 Also There at This Battle:
  • Abel, Joseph Napoleon, Capt, (1941-1942)
  • Adams, Ben, Pvt, (1942-1946)
  • Adams, Clay Odell, Cpl, (1941-1943)
  • Ahrens, Edward Swift, Pvt, (1941-1942)
  • Alexander, James Woodward, PFC, (1942-1942)
  • Allen, Lavern Kenneth, PFC, (1942-1944)
  • Anderson, Emmett L, TSgt (Grade 2), (1941-1942)
  • Anderson, Glen Irvin, Capt, (1942-1943)
  • Antonoglou, Anthony, Pvt, (1941-1942)
  • Arndt, Augustus Little, Capt, (1942-1945)
  • Arnold, Barry Justin, Pvt, (1941-1942)
  • Ashcroft, Wortham Starr, Capt, (1940-1942)
  • Asher, Doyle Hugh, Cpl, (1938-1942)
  • Avery, Harvey Ferris, GySgt, (1938-1943)
  • Avnet, Leon Boris, Capt, (1942-1943)
  • Ayres, Edward Walton, 2ndLt, (1941-1942)
  • Babcock, Benny Myron, PFC, (1940-1942)
  • Bagosy, Joseph, PFC, (1942-1945)
  • Bailey, Ernest Lee, SSgt, (1942-1943)
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