Galer, Robert, BGen

Deceased
 
 Service Photo 
 Service Details
75 kb
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Last Rank
Brigadier General
Last Primary MOS
9903-General Officer
Last MOSGroup
Specific Billet MOS
Primary Unit
1954-1957, 9907, Headquarters Marine Corps (HQMC)
Service Years
1936 - 1957

Brigadier General

 
 

 Last Photo 
 Personal Details 

77 kb

Home State
Washington
Washington
Year of Birth
1913
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by CWO2 Philip E. Montroy to remember Marine BGen Robert Galer.

If you knew or served with this Marine and have additional information or photos to support this Page, please leave a message for the Page Administrator(s) HERE.
 
Contact Info
Home Town
Seattle
Last Address
Frisco, Texas

Date of Passing
Jun 27, 2005
 
Location of Interment
Texas State Cemetery - Austin, Texas
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Sec.1.Row B, #13

 Official Badges 

Commander In Chief Pacific (CINCPAC) USMC Retired Pin (20 Years)


 Unofficial Badges 

Cold War Medal




 Additional Information
Last Known Activity
Robert Galer was promoted to BGen upon his retirement on July 31, 1957.  He lived a long and productive retirement passing away at the age of 91 on June 27, 2005.
   
Other Comments:
1.  BGen Galer was also awarded the British Distinguished Flying Cross for his actions during the Solomon Islands Campaign in 1942.

 2.  In 1945, while serving as the Training Officer of the Landing Force Air Support Control Units (LFASCU's) LtCol Galer made three D-day landing in 65 days.  First Came Iwo Jima.  He was able to witness the Mt. Surabachi flag raising.  Second was the landing in the Philippines.  Third was the Okinawa landings. 

 3.  BGen Galer scored 13 air victories ("kills") in WWII.
   
 Photo Album   (More...



Western Pacific Campaign (1944-45)/Ulithi Atoll
Start Year
1944
End Year
1944

Description
Ulithi Atoll, also known as the Mackenzie Islands, is a coral atoll in the Yap Islands, the western part of the Carolines. There are some 40 islets with a total land area of 1.75 square miles (4.5 square km). It is located about 190 km east of Yap. The atoll’s inhabitants are probably of mixed Polynesian and Micronesian origins and speak Ulithian, an Austronesian language. It is one of the greatest natural harbors in the world. Ulithi appears to have been first sighted by Portuguese navigators (1526). No other record exists until Spanish Jesuit missionaries led by Juan Antonio Cantova landed (1731). Along with rest of the Carolines, the Germans purchased it from the Spanish and Japan seized it during World War I.

After the War, the League of Nations awarded a mandate to the Japanese. The Japanese made little use of Ulithi, but did site a seaplane base there. They had a radio and weather station on Ulithi and the Imperial Navy had occasionally used the lagoon as an anchorage. The United States used it very differently. The Pacific Fleet at first avoided landinfs in The Carolines. What they wanted was the Marianas to the north wherevair bases could be used to bomb the Japanese Home Islands. Japanese garrisons in the Carlines, luke Truk, were neutralized rather than invaded, avoiding costly landings. As the Americans moved west toward the Philippines, it became obvious that a forward supply base was needed. Naval planners bgan assessing Ulithi. The Japanese who has established garison all over the Central Pacific, somehow failed to perceive the vast strategic importance of Ulithi. The atoll with its magnificent harbor was precisely what the pacific Fleet needed for its operations in the Western Pacific. The decisive Japanese defeat in the Battle of the Philippines Sea meant that the Pacific Fleet faced no naval opposition (June 1944).

The Japanese withdrew to bases west of the Philippines and the Home Islands and began to plan a naval battle to resist the anticipated American invasion of the Philippines. More surprising, the Japanese did not garrison Ulithi Atoll. A regiment of the US Army's 81st Division landed unopposed (September 23, 1944). A regiment of the US Army's 81st Division landed unopposed (September 23, 1944). They simply walked ashore and took possession of the Atoll. It was a gift of unimaginable value, a strategic prize that would play an important role in the final phase of the Pacific War. Tragically, the Americans and Japanese in the same month would fight an extended pitched battle for Pelilu in the Palaus, another chain in the Carolines of virtually no value. A battalion of Seabees followed. While a magificent natural harbor, it was totally undeveloped. The survey ship USS Sumner) assessed the lagoon and concluded it was capable of accomodating an stonishing 700 vessels. This was more than Pearl Harbor and then Majuro after the seizure of the Marshalls could handle.

The Pacific Fleet rapidly turned it into the major supply base for major operations in the last year of the War (the Philippines and Okinawa). This was done with little publicity, but the Japanese eventually found out what they had conceded to the Americans without a fight. Japanese midget submarines attacked in the harbor, but despite their success had no real impact on the supply operations there. After the War, Ulithi was used as a military radio outpost. 
   
My Participation in This Battle or Operation
From Year
1944
To Year
1944
 
Last Updated:
Oct 4, 2012
   
Personal Memories
   
My Photos From This Battle or Operation
No Available Photos

  9 Also There at This Battle:
 
  • Bull, Simpson Allan, 1stLt, (1943-1945)
  • Novobilski, JOHN, SSgt, (1943-1952)
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