Patch
Unit Details

Strength
Division
Type
HQ/Command Elements
 
Existing/Disbanded
Disbanded
Year
1944 - 1969

Description

The 5th Marine Division was a United States Marine Corps infantry division which was activated on 11 November 1943 (officially activated on 21 January 1944) at Camp Pendleton, California during World War II. The 5th Division saw its first combat action during the Battle of Iwo Jima in 1945 where it sustained the highest number of casualties of the three Marine divisions of the V Amphibious Corps (invasion force). The 5th Division was to be part of the planned invasion of the Japan homeland before Japan surrendered. Assault troops of the 5th Division were included in the Presidential Unit Citation awarded to the V Amphibious Corps for extraordinary heroism on Iwo Jima from 19 to 28 February 1945. The 5th Division was deactivated on 5 February 1946.



The 5th Division was ordered to be reactivated on 1 March 1966 at Camp Pendleton, California, during the Vietnam War. The division, beginning with the reactivation of Regimental Landing Team 26 (RLT 26), was expected to be fully manned within one year; the 5th Division was never in command of the 26th Marine Regiment (26th Marines) in the war. In December, all three infantry battalions of the 26th Marines were fighting in Vietnam attached to the 3rd Marine Division. By June 1967, the 5th Division was ready to deploy anywhere. It was never intended that the 5th Division would go overseas. It was a force in readiness. But in February 1968, General William C. Westmoreland, U.S. Army, commander of U.S. forces in South Vietnam, asked for help because of the all-out Communist Tet Offensive. The 27th Marine Regiment (27th Marines), 5th Marine Division, was airlifted out on 48 hours notice, with 3,700 Marines. In September, it became the first major combat unit to come home from the Vietnam War. The 5th Marine Division formally deactivated on 26 November 1969




Filed Under
WWII Units (Disbanded)
 
Active Reporting Units
 
Inactive Reporting Unit
None
 
377 Members Who Served in This Unit


 

  • Adams, Bill, Cpl, (1964-1967)
  • Allen, Robert 'Bob', Cpl, (1944-1946)
  • Atwood, Calvin, Cpl, (1943-1946)
  • Baker, Rodney, LCpl, (1968-1972)
  • Ballard, Ronald, LCpl, (1959-1963)
  • Ballard, William, Cpl, (1943-1945)
  • Barnett, David, Sgt, (1967-1973)
  • Batt, Danny, Cpl, (1965-1968)
  • Beckdolt, Mike, Sgt, (1964-1968)
  • Belmessieri, Michael, Cpl, (1968-1970)
  • Bettag, Kenneth, Sgt, (1944-1952)
  • Biely, George, 1stSgt, (1964-1984)
  • Blair, Mickey, Sgt, (1966-1969)
 

Unit Citations - Display as Table
 
Associated Patches
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Associations
 
Unit History
 
Battle/Operations History
 
Unit Timeline
Navy Presidential Unit Citation
Criteria
The Presidential Unit Citation may be awarded to units of the Armed Forces of the United States and cobelligerent nations for extraordinary heroism in action against an armed enemy occurring on or aft ... More
Descriptions
20Jan-1Apr68
1968
Vietnam Gallantry Cross Unit Citation
Criteria
The Republic of Vietnam Meritorious Unit Citation (Gallantry Cross Colors) was authorized to be worn by units individually cited for service in military operations in support of the government of Sout ... More
Descriptions
20Jan-1Apr68
1968
Vietnam Civil Actions Unit Citation
Criteria
The unit citation of the Republic of Vietnam Civil Actions Medal was awarded certain units by the Vietnamese government for meritorious service during the period 1 March 1961 to 28 March 1974.
Descriptions
20Jan-1Apr68
1968
Vietnam War/Tet Counteroffensive Campaign (1968)
This campaign was from 30 January to 1 April 1968. On 29 January 1968 the Allies began the Tet-lunar new year expecting the usual 36-hour peaceful holiday truce. Because of the threat of a large-scale ... More
History Icon
1968 - 1968
Vietnam War/Counteroffensive Phase IV Campaign (1968)
This campaign was from 2 April to 30 June 1968. During this period friendly forces conducted a number of battalion-size attritional operations against the enemy.

Operations PEGASUS-Lam ... More
History Icon
1968 - 1968
Vietnam War/Counteroffensive Phase V Campaign (1968)
This campaign was from 1 July to 1 November 1968. During this period a country-wide effort was begun to restore government control of territory lost to the enemy since the Tet offensive. The enemy att ... More
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1968 - 1968
US Occupation of Japan
The Allied occupation of Japan at the end of World War II was led by General Douglas MacArthur, the Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers, with support from the British Commonwealth. Unlike in the oc ... More
History Icon
1945 - 1952
Navy Presidential Unit Citation
Criteria
The Presidential Unit Citation may be awarded to units of the Armed Forces of the United States and cobelligerent nations for extraordinary heroism in action against an armed enemy occurring on or aft ... More
Descriptions
19-28Feb45 SU Assault Troops, 5th Phib Corps
1945
Battle of Iwo Jima
The Battle of Iwo Jima (19 February – 26 March 1945), or Operation Detachment, was a major battle in which the United States Armed Forces fought for and captured the island of Iwo Jima from the ... More
History Icon
1945 - 1945
Surrender of Japan, End of WWII
The surrender of the Empire of Japan was announced by Imperial Japan on August 15 and formally signed on September 2, 1945, bringing the hostilities of World War II to a close. By the end of July 1945 ... More
History Icon
1945 - 1945
 
Unit Photos Member Photos
 


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