Patch
Unit Details

Strength
Division
Type
HQ/Command Elements
 
Existing/Disbanded
Disbanded
Year
1943 - 1969

Description

The 5th Marine Division was a United States Marine Corps infantry division which was activated on 11 November 1943 (officially activated on 21 January 1944) at Camp Pendleton, California during World War II. The 5th Division saw its first combat action during the Battle of Iwo Jima in 1945 where it sustained the highest number of casualties of the three Marine divisions of the V Amphibious Corps (invasion force). The 5th Division was to be part of the planned invasion of the Japan homeland before Japan surrendered. Assault troops of the 5th Division were included in the Presidential Unit Citation awarded to the V Amphibious Corps for extraordinary heroism on Iwo Jima from 19 to 28 February 1945. The 5th Division was deactivated on 5 February 1946.
 

The 5th Division was ordered to be reactivated on 1 March 1966 at Camp Pendleton, California, during the Vietnam War. The division, beginning with the reactivation of Regimental Landing Team 26 (RLT 26), was expected to be fully manned within one year; the 5th Division was never in command of the 26th Marine Regiment (26th Marines) in the war. In December, all three infantry battalions of the 26th Marines were fighting in Vietnam attached to the 3rd Marine Division. By June 1967, the 5th Division was ready to deploy anywhere. It was never intended that the 5th Division would go overseas. It was a force in readiness. But in February 1968, General William C. Westmoreland, U.S. Army, commander of U.S. forces in South Vietnam, asked for help because of the all-out Communist Tet Offensive. The 27th Marine Regiment (27th Marines), 5th Marine Division, was airlifted out on 48 hours notice, with 3,700 Marines. In September, it became the first major combat unit to come home from the Vietnam War. The 5th Marine Division formally deactivated on 26 November 1969.

Years active
11 Nov 1943 - 5 Feb 1946
1 Mar 1966 - 26 Nov 1969
 

Organization

World War II

  • Headquarters Battalion
  • 13th Marine Regiment
  • 26th Marine Regiment
  • 27th Marine Regiment
  • 28th Marine Regiment
  • 5th Engineer Battalion
  • 5th Pioneer Battalion
  • 5th Tank Battalion
  • 5th Service Battalion
  • 5th Motor Transportation Battalion
  • 5th Medical Battalion
  • 5th Amphibian Tractor Battalion
  • 5th Joint Assault Signal Battalion
  • 2nd Armored Amphibian Tractor Battalion
  • 3rd Amphibian Tractor Battalion
  • 11th Amphibian Tractor Battalion
  • 5th Marine Observation Squadron
  • 6th Marine War Dog Platoon
  • 27th Replacement Battalion
  • 31st Replacement Battalion
  • 3rd Platoon 2nd Laundry Company

Vietnam War

  • 26th Marine Regiment
  • 27th Marine Regiment
  • 28th Marine Regiment
  • 13th Marine Regiment
  • 3rd Military Police Battalion
  • 5th Military Police Battalion
  • 5th Tank Battalion


Reports To
Vietnam Era Units
 
Active Reporting Unit
 
Inactive Reporting Unit
None
 
Unit Web Links
5th Marine Division
58 Members Who Served in This Unit


 

  • Allen, Ben, Sgt, (1968-1971)
  • Alonzo, Richard Anthony, PFC, (1944-1946)
  • Beaman, Ron, PFC, (1966-1970)
  • Bowen, David, Cpl, (1966-1969)
  • Corkran, Bill, Sgt, (1965-1969)
  • Cram-Posada, Mario, Sgt, (1967-1971)
  • Filakovsky, Joseph, Sgt, (1943-1951)
  • Gaylord, Harry, LCpl, (1967-1968)
  • Gonzales, Jose, Cpl, (1965-1967)
  • Griego, Escolastico, HA, (1943-1946)
  • Hannah, David, Cpl, (1971-1973)
  • Harvey, Charles A, Sgt, (1965-1969)
  • Henderson, Donald, SSgt, (1941-1946)
  • Hermansen, Edward, Maj, (1967-1987)
  • Johnson, Johnnie, PFC, (1967-1969)
  • Kennedy, Bill, LCpl, (1968-1970)
  • King, Bill, Cpl, (1966-1968)
  • Kuzelka, Rich, Cpl, (1968-1970)
  • Martini, Renaldo, Sgt, (1940-1946)
  • Miller, Ronald, Cpl, (1966-1968)
  • Miller, Wilbur, Cpl, (1942-1945)
  • Miscko, Joseph A, Cpl, (1942-1946)
  • Parker, Robert, MSgt, (1968-1989)
  • Penner, Wallce, Cpl, (1941-1945)
  • Peterson, Ronald, Cpl, (1968-1971)
  • Polinsky, Peter, Pvt, (1944-1945)
  • Rodriguez, L., MSgt, (1968-1996)
  • Rozler, Roger, Cpl, (1966-1968)
  • Scott, Jeffrey, PFC, (1968-1969)
  • Sharkey, Thomas, Cpl, (1942-1946)
  • Shea, James Thomas, PFC, (1941-1945)
  • Shepherd, Michael V, Cpl, (1966-1968)
  • Skillings, Robert, Sgt, (1967-1969)
  • Stiger, Eugene, Pvt, (1967-1970)
  • Sutton, William, LCpl, (1965-1969)
 

Unit Citations - Display as Table
 
Associated Patches
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Associations
 
Unit History
 
Battle/Operations History
 
Unit Timeline
Medal of Honor Receipents
15 Marines and 2 Navy corpsmen assigned to the 5th Marine Division were awarded the Medal of Honor for World War II (Iwo Jima). 12 were posthumously awarded. 2 Marines of the 26th and 27th Marines wer ... More
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1970
Navy Cross Receipents
Corporal Rondo G. Abel Private First Class Daniel S. Albaugh Sergeant Walter H. Allen Private First Class Martin L. Anderberg Major John W. Antonelli Private First Class John B. Babich Corpora ... More
History Icon
1970
Vietnam War
(Presidential Unit Citation: 26th Marines, 3rd Marine Division (Reinforced), January 20 to April 1, 1968) The 27th Marines and 5th Tank Battalion were activated on 1 January 1966, the 5th Marine Di ... More
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1969
Vietnam War/Counteroffensive Phase VI Campaign (1968-69)
This campaign was from 2 November 1968 to 22 February 1969. In November 1968 the South Vietnam government with American support began a concentrated effort to expand security in the countryside. This ... More
History Icon
1968 - 1969
Vietnam War/Tet 69 Counteroffensive Campaign (1969)
This campaign was from 23 February to 8 June 1969. From Tet 1969 through the month of June, the enemy again tried to sustain an offensive. His inability to do so can be largely attributed to aggressi ... More
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1969 - 1969
Vietnam War/Summer-Fall 1969 Campaign
This campaign was from 9 June to 31 October 1969. During the summer and fall of 1969, conduct of operations was increasingly turned over to Vietnamese, US troops withdrew in greater numbers amid reaff ... More
History Icon
1969 - 1969
Navy Presidential Unit Citation
Criteria
The Presidential Unit Citation may be awarded to units of the Armed Forces of the United States and cobelligerent nations for extraordinary heroism in action against an armed enemy occurring on or aft ... More
Descriptions
26th Marines (Reinforced), 3rd Marine Division (Reinforced), 20 January to 1 April 1968 (Battle of Khe Sanh)
1968
Vietnam War/Counteroffensive Phase III Campaign (1967-68)
This campaign was from 1 June 1967 to 29 January 1968.The conflict in South Vietnam remains basically unchanged. As Operation JUNCTION CITY ended, elements of the U.S. 1st and 25th Infantry Divisions, ... More
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1967 - 1968
Vietnam War/Tet Counteroffensive Campaign (1968)
This campaign was from 30 January to 1 April 1968. On 29 January 1968 the Allies began the Tet-lunar new year expecting the usual 36-hour peaceful holiday truce. Because of the threat of a large-scale ... More
History Icon
1968 - 1968
Vietnam War/Counteroffensive Phase IV Campaign (1968)
This campaign was from 2 April to 30 June 1968. During this period friendly forces conducted a number of battalion-size attritional operations against the enemy.

Operations PEGASUS-Lam ... More
History Icon
1968 - 1968
Vietnam War/Counteroffensive Phase V Campaign (1968)
This campaign was from 1 July to 1 November 1968. During this period a country-wide effort was begun to restore government control of territory lost to the enemy since the Tet offensive. The enemy att ... More
History Icon
1968 - 1968
Navy Presidential Unit Citation
Criteria
The Presidential Unit Citation may be awarded to units of the Armed Forces of the United States and cobelligerent nations for extraordinary heroism in action against an armed enemy occurring on or aft ... More
Descriptions
1st Marine Division (Reinforced), 14 March 1967 to October 1969: (5th Tank Battalion)
1967
Vietnam War/Counteroffensive Phase II Campaign (1966-67)
This campaign was from 1 July 1966 to 31 May 1967. United States operations after 1 July 1966 were a continuation of the earlier counteroffensive campaign. Recognizing the interdependence of political ... More
History Icon
1966 - 1967
Vietnam Gallantry Cross Unit Citation
Criteria
The Republic of Vietnam Meritorious Unit Citation (Gallantry Cross Colors) was authorized to be worn by units individually cited for service in military operations in support of the government of Sout ... More
Descriptions
1966-1967 Vietnam War/Counteroffensive Phase II Campaign (1966-67) 1967-1968 Vietnam War/Counteroffensive Phase III Campaign (1967-68) 1968-1968 Vietnam War/Tet Counteroffensive Campaign (196 ... More
1966
Vietnam Civil Actions Unit Citation
Criteria
The unit citation of the Republic of Vietnam Civil Actions Medal was awarded certain units by the Vietnamese government for meritorious service during the period 1 March 1961 to 28 March 1974.
Descriptions
1966-1967 Vietnam War/Counteroffensive Phase II Campaign (1966-67) 1967-1968 Vietnam War/Counteroffensive Phase III Campaign (1967-68) 1968-1968 Vietnam War/Tet Counteroffensive Campaign (196 ... More
1966
Vietnam War/Counteroffensive Campaign (1965-66)
This campaign was from 25 December 1965 to 30 June 1966. United States operations after 1 July 1966 were a continuation of the earlier counteroffensive campaign. Recognizing the interdependence of pol ... More
History Icon
1965 - 1966
Navy Presidential Unit Citation
Criteria
The Presidential Unit Citation may be awarded to units of the Armed Forces of the United States and cobelligerent nations for extraordinary heroism in action against an armed enemy occurring on or aft ... More
Descriptions
3rd Marine Division, 8 March 1965 to 15 September 1967: (26th Marines)
1965
World War II
The 5th Marine Division was activated on Armistice Day, 11 November 1943. The division's Headquarters Battalion officially began operating at Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton on 1 December, at which t ... More
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1946
Navy Presidential Unit Citation
Criteria
The Presidential Unit Citation may be awarded to units of the Armed Forces of the United States and cobelligerent nations for extraordinary heroism in action against an armed enemy occurring on or aft ... More
Descriptions
Assault Troops, V Amphibious Corps (Reinforced), 19 to 28 February 1945 (Battle of Iwo Jima): (5th Marine Division)
1945
Navy Unit Commendation
Criteria
The Navy Unit Commendation may be awarded by the Secretary of the Navy to any unit of the Navy or Marine Corps that distinguishes itself by outstanding heroism in action against an enemy (but not suff ... More
Descriptions
Support Troops, V Amphibious Corps (Reinforced), 19 to 28 February 1945 (Battle of Iwo Jima): (5th Marine Division)
1945
Battle of Iwo Jima
The Battle of Iwo Jima (19 February – 26 March 1945), or Operation Detachment, was a major battle in which the United States Armed Forces fought for and captured the island of Iwo Jima from the ... More
History Icon
1945 - 1945
 
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