Fricks, Hugh Doran, 1stLt

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 Service Details
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Last Rank
First Lieutenant
Last Primary MOS
0306-Infantry Weapons Officer
Last MOSGroup
Primary Unit
1943-Present, 0306, Missing In Action
Service Years
1939 - 1943
Official/Unofficial USMC Certificates
Golden Dragon Certificate

First Lieutenant


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 Personal Details 

543 kb

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Year of Birth
This Military Service Page was created/owned by PFC James E. Franklin (Slim) to remember Marine 1stLt Hugh Doran Fricks.

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 Official Badges 

 Unofficial Badges 

Order of the Golden Dragon

 Military Association Memberships
World War II Fallen
  1943, World War II Fallen

 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

Tarawa (Gilbert Islands, Kiribati) - November 20 to November 23, 1943
Of the 3,636 Japanese in the garrison, only one officer and sixteen enlisted men surrendered.  Of the 1,200 Korean laborers brought to Tarawa to construct the defenses, only 129 survived.  All told, 4,690 of the island's defenders were killed.  The 2nd Marine Division suffered 894 killed in action, 48 officers and 846 enlisted men, while an additional 84 of the wounded survivors later succumbed to what proved to be fatal wounds.  Of these, 8 were officers and 76 were enlisted men.  A further 2,188 men were wounded in the battle, 102 officers and 2,086 men.  Of the roughly 12,000 2nd Marine Division marines on Tarawa, 3,166 officers and men became casualties.  Nearly all of these casualties were suffered in the 76 hours between the landing at 0910 20 November and the island of Betio being declared secure at 1330 23 November.  Chief Rick Stone, while a member of the Department of Defense, investigated the cases of 514 American servicemen who remain unaccounted for from the Battle of Tarawa, including 103 who are buried as "Unknown" in the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific in Honolulu.

Other Comments:

Navy Cross
The President of the United States of America takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Second Lieutenant Hugh Dorian Fricks (MCSN: 0-11196), United States Marine Corps Reserve, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service while serving as Machine Gun Reconnaissance Officer, First Battalion, Sixth Marines, SECOND Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces at Betio Island, Tarawa Atoll, Gilbert Islands, on 22 November 1943.  Defying constant danger from enemy machine-gun and mortar fire while advancing with his battalion, First Lieutenant Fricks conducted various reconnaissances, maintained contact between forward rifle elements and went from foxhole to foxhole pointing out targets and directing machine-gun fire.  Tirelessly continuing his perilous task until mortally wounded by an enemy grenade later in the action, he served as an inspiring example to his battalion in delivering a devastating blow to Japanese forces in that sector.  His great personal valor, heroic self-sacrifice and brilliant leadership in the face of almost certain death reflect great credit upon the United States Naval Service.  He gallantly gave his life for his country.

General Orders: Authority: Board of Awards: Serial 917 (March 24, 1944)
Action Date: November 22, 1943

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 Ribbon Bar
Rifle ExpertPistol Sharpshooter

 Enlisted/Officer Basic Training
  1939, Boot Camp (San Diego, CA)
 Unit Assignments
1st Recruit Training Bn 1st Infantry Training Regiment1st Bn, 6th Marine Regiment (1/6)1st Provisional Marine Brigade, Iceland
Missing In Action
  1939-1940, 0311, 1st Recruit Training Bn
  1940-1940, 0311, 1st Infantry Training Regiment
  1940-1941, 0311, D Co, 1st Bn, 6th Marine Regiment (1/6)
  1941-1942, 0311, 1st Provisional Marine Brigade, Iceland
  1942-1942, 0311, D Co, 1st Bn, 6th Marine Regiment (1/6)
  1942-1943, 0306, D Co, 1st Bn, 6th Marine Regiment (1/6)
  1943-1943, 0306, D Co, 1st Bn, 6th Marine Regiment (1/6)
  1943-Present, 0306, Missing In Action
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1941-1941 World War II/American Theater/Defense of Iceland Base
  1942-1943 World War II/Asiatic-Pacific Theater/Guadalcanal Campaign (1942-43)
  1943-1943 Gilbert Islands Operation (1943)/Battle of Tarawa 2
 Colleges Attended
University of Washington
  1939-1941, University of Washington
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