Bauer, Harold, LtCol

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 Service Details
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Last Rank
Lieutenant Colonel
Last Primary MOS
7598-Basic Fixed-Wing Pilot
Last MOSGroup
Pilots/Naval Flight Officers
Primary Unit
1942-Present, 7598, Missing In Action
Service Years
1930 - 1942
Official/Unofficial USMC Certificates
Golden Dragon Certificate
Shellback Certificate

Lieutenant Colonel


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 Personal Details 

179 kb

State of Birth
Year of Birth
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Sgt Joseph Galvan (Tyson) to remember Marine LtCol Harold Bauer (Indian Joe).

If you knew or served with this Marine and have additional information or photos to support this Page, please leave a message for the Page Administrator(s) HERE.
Contact Info

 Official Badges 

 Unofficial Badges 

Order of the Golden Dragon Shellback

 Military Association Memberships
World War II FallenMedal of Honor
  1942, World War II Fallen [Verified]
  1942, Medal of Honor [Verified]

 Photo Album   (More...

 Ribbon Bar
Pilot Wings
Rifle Expert (Pre 1959)USMC Basic Qualification Badge

 Unit Assignments
The Basic School1st Bn, 6th Marine Regiment (1/6)US Naval Academy  Preparatory SchoolNaval Aviation Schools Command (NASC), Pensacola, FL
VMSB-243VMF(AW)-115Aviation UnitsMARDET USS Lexington (CV-16)
MARDET USS Saratoga (CV-60)VMF-221VMA-211VMFA-212
Missing In Action
  1930-1930, 9901, The Basic School
  1930-1932, 1st Bn, 6th Marine Regiment (1/6)
  1932-1933, US Naval Academy Preparatory School
  1934-1934, 7409, Naval Aviation Schools Command (NASC), Pensacola, FL
  1936-1937, VMSB-243
  1937-1937, VMF(AW)-115
  1937-1940, VMF-141
  1940-1940, MARDET USS Lexington (CV-16)
  1940-1940, MARDET USS Saratoga (CV-60)
  1940-1942, VMF-221
  1942-1942, VMA-211
  1942-1942, 9901, VMFA-212
  1942-Present, 7598, Missing In Action
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1942-1942 World War II/Asiatic-Pacific Theater/Guadalcanal Campaign (1942-43)
 Colleges Attended
United States Naval Academy
  1926-1930, United States Naval Academy
 Other News, Events and Photographs
  Biography Page 1
  Biography Page 2
  Biography Page 3
  Biography page 4
  Biography page 5
  Biography page 6
  War Diary page 2
  War Diary page 3
  War Diary page 4
  War Diary page 5
  War Diary page 6
  War Diary page 7
  War Diary page 8
  War Diary page 9
  War Diary page 10
  War Diary page 11
  War Diary page 12
  War Diary page 13
  War Diary page 14
  War Diary page 15
  Official Marine Corps Biography
  Apr 16, 2017, General Photos
 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

On September 28, 1942, Bauer performed the first feat cited for the Medal of Honor. His squadron was attacked by a superior force of Japanese planes. He engaged the enemy and shot down one of their bombers. Again attacking a superior force on October 3, 1942, he shot down four of the enemy and left a fifth badly damaged. While leading a reinforcement flight on October 16, 1942, from Espirito Santo, Vanuatu to Guadalcanal, 600 miles (970 km) away, Bauer was about to land at Henderson Field when he noticed a squadron of Japanese planes attacking the USS McFarland (DD-237) offshore. Though the long flight from Espirito Santo had almost exhausted his fuel and he knew no friendly planes were able to assist him, he immediately proceeded alone to attack the enemy and succeeded in destroying four of them before lack of gasoline forced him to return to Henderson Field. On November 14, 1942, he was shot down over water after downing two enemy aircraft in an attack 100 miles (160 km) off Guadalcanal. He was seen in the water in his Mae West water flotation device as light was fading. He did not appear to be seriously hurt. The following morning began days of intense searching by planes and Russell Island natives, but no further trace of him was found. The squadron under his command at Guadalcanal was officially credited with downing 92 Japanese planes and helping to sink two destroyers. Lieutenant Colonel Bauer was commended for his action in the South Pacific by commanders of Army, Navy and Marine Corps units including Admiral William F. Halsey, Jr., then Commander of the South Pacific Area and South Pacific Force.

Other Comments:
Harold Bauer graduated from the US Naval Academy at Annapolis, Class of 1930, where he was quarterback of the football team in his senior year. He was credited with shooting down 11 Japanese planes, but was lost at sea on November 14, 1942, before receiving his Medal of Honor.

Medal of Honor
The President of the United States of America, in the name of Congress, takes pride in presenting the Medal of Honor (Posthumously) to Lieutenant Colonel Harold William "Indian Joe" Bauer (MCSN: 0-4534), United States Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and conspicuous courage in aerial combat above and beyond the call of duty while serving as Squadron Commander and a Pilot of Marine Fighting Squadron TWO HUNDRED TWELVE (VMF-212) Marine Air Group TWENTY-THREE (MAG-23), FIRST Marine Aircraft Wing, in the South Pacific Area during the period 10 May to 14 November 1942. Volunteering to pilot a fighter plane in defense of our positions on Guadalcanal, Lieutenant Colonel Bauer participated in two air battles against enemy bombers and fighters outnumbering our force more than two-to-one, boldly engaged the enemy and destroyed one Japanese bomber in the engagement of 28 September and shot down four enemy fighter planes in flames on 3 October, leaving a fifth smoking badly. After successfully leading 26 planes on an over-water ferry flight of more than 600 miles on 16 October, Lieutenant Colonel Bauer, while circling to land, sighted a squadron of enemy planes attacking the U.S.S. McFarland. Undaunted by the formidable opposition and with valor above and beyond the call of duty, he engaged the entire squadron and, although alone and his fuel supply nearly exhausted, fought his plane so brilliantly that four of the Japanese planes were destroyed before he was forced down by lack of fuel. His intrepid fighting spirit and distinctive ability as a leader and an airman, exemplified in his splendid record of combat achievement, were vital factors in the successful operations in the South Pacific Area.
Action Date: May 10 - November 14, 1942

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