Mangrum, Richard, LtGen

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 Service Details
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Last Rank
Lieutenant General
Primary Unit
1965-1967, ACMC, Commandant Marine Corps (HQMC)
Service Years
1929 - 1967

Lieutenant General


 Last Photo 
 Personal Details 

4 kb

Home State
Year of Birth
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Greg McCourt-Historian to remember Marine LtGen Richard Mangrum.

If you knew or served with this Marine and have additional information or photos to support this Page, please leave a message for the Page Administrator(s) HERE.
Contact Info
Home Town
Not Specified
Last Address

Date of Passing
Sep 28, 1985
Location of Interment
Not Specified
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

 Official Badges 

Joint Chiefs Service Pearl Harbor Memorial Medallion

 Unofficial Badges 

 Additional Information
Last Known Activity
On October 1, 1965, General Mangrum succeeded to the title "Gray Eagle" of Naval Aviation, and is the first Marine Aviator to attain this distinction. The "Gray Eagle" is the earliest designated aviator on active duty in the Navy and Marine Corps. General Mangrum was designated a Naval Aviator in August 1929.

***At present I do not know LtGen Mangrum's rank for each assignment, so I will enter last known rank. I'll be as accurate as possible.***

Other Comments:
The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Richard C. Mangrum (0-4412), Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and distinguished service in the line of his profession Leader and as a Pilot in Marine Scout-Bombing Squadron TWO HUNDRED THIRTY-TWO (VMSB-232), Marine Air Group TWENTY-THREE (MAG-23), FIRST Marine Aircraft Wing, in aerial combat with enemy Japanese forces in the Solomon Islands Area from 20 August 1942 to 15 September 1942. Commanding a Navy and Marine Corps striking force of sixteen planes, Lieutenant Colonel Mangrum intercepted and attacked an enemy task force of surface craft which was planning to attack our beachhead on Guadalcanal. Striking with lightening-like precision, his planes dropped all their bombs before the enemy surface craft could initiate evasive action, making a direct hit on the largest transport, blasting men and debris into the water, and setting the ship on fire. After a cruiser was also hit and left burning, later to disappear, the Japanese were forced to withdraw and abandon their mission. Lieutenant Colonel Mangrum's high quality of leadership and the aggressive spirit of his command in action contributed in large measure to the success achieved by our forces and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Approved by the Secretary of the Navy on January 16, 1943
Born: at Seattle, Washington
Home Town: Seattle, Washington
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Pilot Wings

 Unit Assignments
3rd MAWHeadquarters Marine Corps (HQMC)MAG-121st MAW
Marine Corps Air Bases EastMAG-31Office of the Joint Chiefs of StaffHQ FMFLANT/MarForLant (Marine Forces Command)
2nd MAWCommandant Marine Corps (HQMC)
  1944-1945, 3rd MAW
  1946-1948, Headquarters Marine Corps (HQMC)
  1951-1952, MAG-12
  1952-1952, 1st MAW
  1954-1955, MCAS Miami Fla. Operations Squadron 3, MCAS Miami
  1955-1956, MAG-31
  1956-1959, Office of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
  1959-1960, 1st MAW
  1960-1961, HQ FMFLANT/MarForLant (Marine Forces Command)
  1961-1963, 2nd MAW
  1965-1967, ACMC, Commandant Marine Corps (HQMC)
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1941-1941 Central Pacific Campaign (1941-43)/Attack on Pearl Harbor
  1941-1941 World War II/American Theater
  1941-1945 World War II
  1942-1942 Guadalcanal Campaign (1942-43)/Battle of Tulagi (including First Savo)
  1950-1953 Korean War
 Colleges Attended
University of Washington
  1924-1928, University of Washington
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