Griffith, Samuel Blair, BGen

Deceased
 
 Service Photo 
 Service Details
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Last Rank
Brigadier General
Last Primary MOS
9903-General Officer
Last MOSGroup
Specific Billet MOS
Primary Unit
1953-1956, 9903, US European Command (EUCOM)
Service Years
1929 - 1956
Official/Unofficial USMC Certificates
Cold War Certificate

Brigadier General

 
 

 Last Photo 
 Personal Details 

131 kb

Home State
Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Year of Birth
1906
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Sgt Lynn Rutt to remember Marine BGen Samuel Blair Griffith.

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Contact Info
Home Town
Lewiston
Last Address
Lewiston

Date of Passing
Mar 27, 1983
 
Location of Interment
Not Specified
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

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 Additional Information
Last Known Activity
THE SECRETARY OF THE NAVY
Washington
4 February, 1942
Cited in the Name of
The President of the United States
THE FIRST MARINE DIVISION REINFORCED
Under command of
Major General Alexander A. Vandegrift, U.S.M.C.


CITATION:
"The officers and enlisted men of the FIRST MARINE DIVISION, REINFORCED, on August 7 to 9. 1942, demonstrated outstanding gallantry and determination in successfully executing forced landing assaults against a number of strongly defended Japanese positions on TULAGI, GAVUTU, TANAMBOGO, FLORIDA and GUADALCANAL, British Solomon Islands, completely routing all the enemy forces and seizing a most valuable base and airfield within the enemy zone of operations in the South Pacific Ocean. From the above period until 09 December, 1942, this Reinforced Division not only held their important strategic positions despite determined and repeated Japanese naval, air and land attacks, but by a series of offensive operations against strong enemy resistance drove the Japanese from the proximity of the airfield and inflicted great losses on them by land and air attacks. The courage and determination displayed in these operations were of an inspiring order."

FRANK KNOX
Secretary of the Navy
   
Other Comments:
UNIT CITATION
BATTLE OF EDSON'S RIDGE
(1-2 p36)


HEADQUARTERS, FIRST MARINE DIVISION
FLEET MARINE FORCE
C/O POSTMASTER, SAN FRANCISCO, CALIF.
19 September, 1942.
DIVISION BULLETIN NUMBER 40a-42


Commendation of Raider Battalion, Parachute Battalion, and Eleventh Marines for action against the enemy of 13-14 September. 1942.

1. The Commanding General desires to commend the outstanding efforts of the Raider Battalion. the Parachute Battalion, and tne Eleventh Marines during the enemy attack on the First Division positions on Guadalcanal Island on the night of September 13-14, 1942.

2. On that night the Raider Battalion with the First Parachute Battalion attached, having been assiged the mission of occupying and defending a key position a1ong a ridge located about one thousand (1000) yards south of the Guadalcanal air field, had scarcely moved into the position when the enemy launched an attack on it and broke through the front lines. The situation of forward units havIng become untenable, a skillful withdrawal to the reserve position was effected.

3. During the period from 1930 on the 13th to 0000 on the 14th the enemy launched a series of ferocious assaults on the reserve position. each culminating in fierce hand to hand combat in vhich both attacker and defender employed bayonets, rifles, pistol., grenades and knives. The Parachute Battalion, hastily reorganized into two companies after its withdrawal from the main line of resistance, counter-attacked the enemy advancing on the left of the reserve position to extend that position to the left and to straighten the line then being held by the Battalion Reserve. This counter-attack was carried out successfully in that the enemy was forced to vithdraw into the edge of the woods fronting the reserve position, this flanking movement which had threatened the whole position having been halted. During this courageous attack the Parachute Troops suffered casualties estimated at 40%.

4. Throughout the night the Eleventh Marines supported the Raiders and Parachutists by nine hours of almost constant artillery fire of the greatest accuracy and effectiveness, and greatly assisted them in standing off the attacks of the enemy. The morning of the 14th found the enemy, retreating and the reinforced Raider Battalion in complete control of the field of battle.

5. Almost without exception the officers and men engaged in this action proved themselves to be among, the best fighting
troops that any service could hope to have, and in extending to tnem the salutation of the officers and men of the Division the
Commanding General vishes to state that he considers i t a privilege and an honor to have had troops of this caliber attached to his command.

A. A. VANDEGRIFT.
   
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 Unit Assignments
USMC (United States Marine Corps)Marine BarracksMarine Barracks Guantanamo Bay, CubaUSMC (United States Marine Corps)/Other Service Branches
1st Raider BnI MEF/1st Marine Division4th Marine Regiment3rd Marine Regiment
Naval War College (Faculity Staff)Fleet Marine Force Atlantic (FMFLANT)US European Command (EUCOM)
  1930-1931, 0302, USMC (United States Marine Corps)
  1932-1935, 0302, Marine Barracks Peking, China
  1936-1938, 0302, Marine Barracks Guantanamo Bay, Cuba
  1939-1941, 0302, Marine Barracks London, England
  1941-1941, 0302, USMC (United States Marine Corps)/Other Service Branches
  1941-1942, 0302, MarDet Holly Loch Scotland
  1942-1942, 0302, 1st Raider Bn
  1942-1943, 8041, 1st Raider Bn
  1942-1943, 8041, I MEF/1st Marine Division
  1943-1945, 9906, 4th Marine Regiment
  1945-1946, 9906, 3rd Marine Regiment
  1947-1948, 9905, Naval War College (Faculity Staff)
  1948-1950, 9905, Naval War College (Faculity Staff)
  1951-1952, 9905, Fleet Marine Force Atlantic (FMFLANT)
  1953-1956, 9903, US European Command (EUCOM)
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1914-1919 US Occupation of Nicaragua
  1941-1941 World War II/American Theater
  1941-1945 World War II
  1942-1942 Guadalcanal Campaign (1942-43)/Battle of Tulagi (including First Savo)
  1942-1942 Battle of Tulagi (including First Savo) /Tulagi Island landing
  1942-1942 Guadalcanal Campaign (1942-43)/Battle of Eastern Solomons (Stewart Island)
  1942-1942 Guadalcanal Campaign (1942-43)/Battle of Edson's Bloody Ridge
  1943-1943 Northern Solomon Islands Campaign (1943-44)/New Georgia Group Operation
  1946-1949 Operation Beleaguer (China)
 Colleges Attended
United States Naval Academy
  1925-1929, United States Naval Academy
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