Hurst, Edward, BGen

Deceased
 
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 Service Details
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Last Rank
Brigadier General
Last Primary MOS
9903-General Officer
Last MOSGroup
Specific Billet MOS
Primary Unit
1963-1968, HQ Bn, 1st Marine Division/HQ Co
Service Years
1938 - 1968

Brigadier General

 
 

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 Personal Details 

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Home State
Georgia
Georgia
Year of Birth
1916
 
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Cpl Steven Ryan (LoneWolf) to remember Marine BGen Edward Hurst.

If you knew or served with this Marine and have additional information or photos to support this Page, please leave a message for the Page Administrator(s) HERE.
 
Contact Info
Home Town
Not Specified
Last Address
Fort Valley

Date of Passing
Sep 06, 1997
 
Location of Interment
Not Specified
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

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HURST, EDWARD H.

Citation:

The President of the United States takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Edward H. Hurst (0-5854), Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer, Third Battalion, Seventh Marines, FIRST Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 18 May 1945. While directing his battalion's assault against the heavily-defended Wana Ridge, Lieutenant Colonel Hurst occupied a forward observation post which was swept by intense hostile small-arms fire and mortar concentrations. Observing that platoons of the assault company were being subjected to devastating enemy fire, he courageously moved forward from his post to the company and, in the face of heavy Japanese mortar and small-arms fire, personally directed the assault on the desperately defended crest of the ridge. While returning to his observation post after his troops had gained a foothold on the ridge, Lieutenant Colonel Hurst personally assisted in the evacuation of a wounded man over a path swept by hostile small-arms fire. His bravery, able leadership, and gallant fighting spirit throughout were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.



   
Other Comments:

The Battle of Okinawa, fought on the Japanese island of Okinawa, was the largest amphibious assault during the Pacific campaigns of World War II. It lasted from late March through June 1945.

The battle has been referred to as the "Typhoon of Steel" in English, and tetsu no ame ("rain of steel") or tetsu no bf ("violent wind of steel") in Japanese. The nicknames refer to the ferocity of the fighting, the intensity of gunfire involved, and sheer numbers of Allied ships and armored vehicles that assaulted the island. Okinawa had a prewar civilian population of 435,000, of whom an estimated 75,000 to 140,000 died during the battle.

The Allies were planning to use Okinawa as a staging ground for Operation Downfall, the invasion of the Japanese mainland; however, after a disastrous series of events which included the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the Soviet Union's declaration of war on Japan in August 1945, Japan surrendered and World War II ended.






   
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 Unit Assignments
Marine BarracksMARDET (Afloat)MarDet USS Boston (CA-69/CAG-1)Marine Corps Combat Development Command (MCCDC)
3rd Bn, 7th Marine Regiment (3/7)1st Marine Division/HQ Bn, 1st Marine DivisionUSMC (United States Marine Corps)
  1938-1939, Marine Barracks Norfolk Naval Base (NOB), VA
  1939-1940, MarDet USS Atlanta CL-51
  1942-1942, MarDet USS Boston (CA-69/CAG-1)
  1943-1943, Broadened Opportunity for Officer Selection and Training
  1943-1945, 3rd Bn, 7th Marine Regiment (3/7)
  1945-1945, 3rd Bn, 7th Marine Regiment (3/7)
  1945-1946, HQ Bn, 1st Marine Division/HQ Co
  1953-1963, USMC (United States Marine Corps)
  1963-1968, HQ Bn, 1st Marine Division/HQ Co
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1943-1943 Northern Solomon Islands Campaign (1943-44)/Russel Islands Landings
  1943-1944 Northern Solomon Islands Campaign (1943-44)/Battle of Cape Gloucester
  1944-1944 Western Pacific Campaign (1944-45)/Battle of Peleliu
  1945-1945 Ryukyus Campaign (1945)/Battle for Okinawa
 Colleges Attended
Mercer University
  1934-1938, Mercer University
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