Johnston, Robert, PFC Fallen
 
 Service Photo 
 Service Details
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Last Rank
Private 1st Class
Last Primary MOS
0311-Rifleman
Last MOSGroup
Infantry
Last Unit
1942-1943, 0311, 6th Marine Regiment/2nd Bn, 6th Marine Regiment (2/6)
Service Years
1942 - 1943

Private 1st Class

 
 

 Last Photo 
 Personal Details 

140 kb

Home State
Illinois
Illinois
Year of Birth
1923
 
Casualty Info
Home Town
Not Specified
Last Address
Not Specified

Casualty Date
Nov 27, 1943
 
Cause
Hostile, Died
Reason
Gun, Small Arms Fire
Location
Kiribati
Conflict
World War II
Location of Interment
National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific - Honolulu, Hawaii
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Grave B499

 Official Badges 

French Fourragere


 Unofficial Badges 


 Ribbon Bar

Rifle Sharpshooter (Pre 1959)

 
 Unit Assignments
RTR, MCRD SD/2nd Recruit Training Bn6th Marine Regiment/2nd Bn, 6th Marine Regiment (2/6)
  1942-1942, 0300, RTR, MCRD SD/2nd Recruit Training Bn
  1942-1943, 0311, 2nd Bn, 6th Marine Regiment (2/6)/Echo Co
  1942-1943, 0311, 6th Marine Regiment/2nd Bn, 6th Marine Regiment (2/6)
 Combat and Operations History
  1939-1943 World War II
  1942-1943 Asiatic-Pacific Theater/Capture and defense of Guadalcanal Campaign August 10, 1942 - February 8, 1943 WWII Streamer
  1943-1943 World War II/Tarawa
 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

KIA, 27 Nov 1943, Buariki, Tarawa Atoll, British Gilbert Islands. The 2nd Bn, 6th Marines were the last of the 2nd MarDiv reserve and were not committed to Betio during the three day battle of 20-23 Nov 1943. As a result, they were tasked with the mopping up operation of the remaining islets of the Tarawa Atoll. After clearing Biariki (the next islet east of Betio) on D+3 they prepared to initiate the clean-up of the remaining islets on D+4. On 24 Nov 1943 the battalion cleared Buota, the most SE islet of the atoll and for the next three days, they cleared each successive islet moving relentlessly north. On 26 Nov, 1943, they encountered resistance as they conducted the initial reconnaissance of the crossing to the last islet, Buariki. On 27 Nov 1943, LtCol Raymond L Murray directed his battalion in an all-out assault in which they overwhelmed and killed 175 members of the Imperial Japanese Navy's, "Special Naval Landing Force", ending all organized resistance on the atoll. PFC Johnston was one of 2d Bn, 6th Marines, 32 KIA and 59 WIA in the battle.


   
Comments/Citation
JOHNSTON, Robert E, PFC 745                     SN: XXXXXX
Born:  20 Aug 1923 Chicago, Illinois
Enlisted: 02 Jun 1942
Died: 27 Nov 1943 (KIA)
Location: Buariki, Tarawa Atoll, British Gilbert Islands
Interred: National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific, Grave B499
 
2nd Recruit Battalion, Recruit Depot, MCB, San Diego, CA
Jun 1942 Pvt (Rec), 2nd Recruit Bn, RD, MCB, San Diego, CA
Jul 1942 Pvt 521, 2nd Recruit Bn, RD, MCB, San Diego, CA "17, qual "SS"; 25, to 2nd MarDiv"
 
E Co, 2nd Battalion, 6th Marine Regiment, 2nd Marine Division, FMF, Camp Elliott, San Diego, CA
Aug 1942 Pvt 521, E Co, 2nd Bn, 6th Marines, 2nd MarDiv, FMF, Camp Elliott, San Diego, CA
 
E Co, 2nd Battalion, 6th Marine Regiment, 2nd Marine Division, FMF, In the Field
Oct 1942 Pvt 521, E Co, 2nd Bn, 6th Marines, 2nd MarDiv, FMF, In the Field (Noumea, New Caledonia)
Dec 1942 Pvt 745, E Co, 2nd Bn, 6th Marines, 2nd MarDiv, FMF, In the Field (Noumea, New Caledonia)
Jan 1943 Pvt 745, E Co, 2nd Bn, 6th Marines, 2nd MarDiv, FMF, In the Field (Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands)
Apr 1943 PFC 745, E Co, 2nd Bn, 6th Marines, 2nd MarDiv, FMF, In the Field (Wellington, New Zealand) “26,prom to PFC”
Jul 1943 PFC 745, E Co, 2nd Bn, 6th Marines, 2nd MarDiv, FMF, In the Field (Wellington, New Zealand)
Oct 1943 PFC 745, E Co, 2nd Bn, 6th Marines, 2nd MarDiv, FMF, In the Field (Wellington, New Zealand)
Nov 1943 PFC 745, E Co, 2nd Bn, 6th Marines, 2nd MarDiv, FMF, In the Field (Tarawa Atoll, British Gilbert Islands)
 
Based on this service record, I believe that we can confidently state that he rates the following awards for WWII:
Purple Heart Medal
Combat Action Ribbon
Navy Presidential Unit Citation
American Campaign Medal
Asiatic/Pacific Campaign Medal-2 stars
World War II Victory Medal
 
   
 Military Association Memberships
World War II Fallen
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